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Summary

Renewal Natural Gas (RNG) has drawn more attention recently in North America due to environmental concerns of fossil fuel. RNG is generated from biomass that is cleaned to pipeline quality standards and blended with fossil natural gas because RNG is chemically identical to fossil natural gas. Raw RNG usually consists of 50% to 80% methane and 20% to 50% carbon dioxide while the natural gas is usually 90 to 95% methane with most of the rest being other hydrocarbons (such as propane and butane). A series of studies from government research agencies and industry in recent years have found that 5% to 20% of today’s natural gas demand could be replaced by RNG. NGVA Europe (Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association) reported that about 60% of the gas used in Swedish natural gas fueled vehicles is RNG. And 25% of the public compressed natural gas stations provide 100% RNG now in Germany [1]. But in the United States, RNS vehicle is on a small scale. The Canada’s natural gas utilities have also set an aspirational target of providing 5% of distributed natural gas from renewable sources by 2025 and 10% by 2030 [2].

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